Comprehensive Horse Coat Colors/Patterns/Markings Apr 5, 2014 19:56:48 GMT -6
Post by Captain Flighty on Apr 5, 2014 19:56:48 GMT -6
I am an expert only in my own eyes. Below you will find a comprehensive list with my OPINION of horse colors. I try to stick to the scientific/genetic side of things to explain colors and I use the MOST common terms though there ARE other names for some of these horse coat colors. I will NOT be listing all of those other names.
I am doing this to help all of you. Do NOT argue with me or tell me I am wrong! Again; this is my OPINION, scientifically based! I happen to feel I am right, but you are entitled to your own opinion as well. This thread is NOT a discussion thread.
Just for something extra here is a link to wiki's horse coat colors/patterns: click here
For yet another source: click here
A bay horse is one that has a brown body and black points. These points include all four legs, the mane the tail and the nose. A bay horse may still have white markings on it's legs. The mane and tail on a bay horse may be brown or red or even flaxen along the edges but the majority of the mane is BLACK. Sometimes though the black on the legs is very low or patchy and you do not see a full black stocking.
Same as a bay but the body is very dark sometimes black in some places. It is just a different shade of bay.
Due to controversy on the subject and the lack of it as its own color in the color calculator that we use on RLTW "Seal brown" will be counted as synonymous with "Seal Bay". That means they are the SAME thing here in RLTW!
OTHER: Brown is NOT nor will it ever be a proper horse coat color name, but Seal Brown will be accepted. Brown is simply a term that the unknowing use to describe nearly any horse from chestnut to silver dapple to bay.
A blood bay has a very clear almost golden-crimson-brown or red-brown on the body with black points. The black and brown are very distinct from one another and tend not to fade gradually from one color to the other.
This is just a bay that is very metallic or golden in appearance. As in a blood bay the black points and brown of the body are very distinct from one another.
The bay horses are of a deep rich mahogany color in the body and black points. They are sometimes categorized WITH dark bays.
ALL OF THESE SHADES OF BAY HAVE THE SAME BASIC GENETICS THERE IS NO WAY TO TELL THEM APART OTHER THAN VISUALLY AND SO THEY ARE ALL TREATED THE SAME ON OUR COLOR CALCULATOR.
A black is a horse that is solid black with no white or brown hairs mixed in. Blacks may still have white markings such as socks or stockings and stars, snips, blazes etc.
BLACK THAT FADES:
Some blacks tend to fade to red/brown in the sunlight though they are still a black in their genetics.
A smoky black horse is a black horse with one creme gene. in some smoky blacks the creme gene does not do much to modify the color. Sometimes they just look like a black that has faded. Sometimes they look like a deep very dark charcoal grey. other times they are just a deep rich brown over the entire body.
FYI: Sometimes it is difficult to visually tell the difference between a very dark bay, a faded black horse or a smoky black, but to the trained eye there is a difference.
There is genetically no difference/no way to distinguish between a chestnut and a sorrel. Sorrels are also called Flaxen Chestnuts. Chestnuts range in color from deep rusty browns to vivid crimson. The body and points are usually the same color. The mane and tail tend to have black hairs mixed in.
A palomino is a horse with ONE creme gene. They are always of a light tan, golden or golden brown color with a flaxen mane and tail. THEIR SKIN IS STILL BLACK! There are MANY shades of palomino.
A perlino is a horse with TWO creme genes. Perlino is like a double buckskin. Perlinos have PINK skin and BLUE eyes. They tend to have manes/tails and legs/points that are of a darker hue; usually orange or rust colored, than the rest of the body.
A cremello is another horse with TWO creme genes. They are like a double palomino. Cremellos also have PINK skin and BLUE eyes. Their manes and tails tend to be so pale they are white and the body can be a cream hue or a white hue.
A buckskin horse is usually a horse with a golden or flaxenish colored body with BLACK points. The body color in buckskins ranges from pale buttery gold to golden brown. They have ONE creme gene as well. Buckskins CAN OCASSIONALLY exhibit dun factor.
The typical dun also called a bay dun or zebra dun is very similar to a buckskin in actual color, but they are easily distinguished through genetics. A dun is a horse with black OR more usually dark brown points. Duns also have what are known as primitive markings or dun factor. There are a few cases where a true dun will have no or few primitive markings, but this is rare.
Primitive markings include; dorsal stripe, leg barring, shoulder barring and sometimes mapping or webbing on the face, etc.
Since opinions vary greatly on Buckskin verses Dun here is the word from a few more sources:
Here is what the International Buckskin Horse Association has to say;
A true colored buckskin should be the color of tanned deerhide with black points. Shades may vary from yellow to dark gold. Points (mane, tail, legs) can be dark brown or black. Buckskin is clean of any smuttiness. Guard hairs which are buckskin colored grow through the body coat up over the base of the mane and tail.
Dun is an intense color with a hide that has an abundance of pigment in the hairs. The dun color is a duller shade than buckskin and may have a smutty appearance. Most dun horses have dark points of brown or black. Dun horses sport the "dun factor" points which include dorsal and shoulder stripes, leg barring, etc.
And her is what the American Buckskin Registry says;
BUCKSKIN: Body coat some shade of tan, from very light (creme) to very dark (bronze). Points (mane, tail, legs and ear frames) are black or dark brown. Dorsal not required.
DUN: Body coat some shade of tan, from very light (creme) to a dull or smutty brown (earth tone). Points, dorsal stripe and other dun factor markings are dirty black or smutty brown. There are many shades and variations in the dun color. Dorsal stripe required. Note: The buckskin colored horse with dun factor (dorsal stripe, leg barring, ear frames, shoulder stripes, face masking and cobwebbing) is the ideal color that ABRA was founded to preserve over thirty years ago.
Here is a list of the Dun Factors;
Mottling - reverse dappling, sploches or dark smoke, can be found on the forearm, gaskins, shoulders and stifle
Dorsal Stripe - dark line down the back from withers to tail
Shoulder stripes and neck stripes - markings on the neck and shoulders may either be single or multiple lines often combined with dark patches, called shadows. These also are on the withers.
Leg barring is some times referred to as tiger stripes or zebra striping. They maybe found on both the front and back legs.
Frosting can be at the edge of the mane and base of the tail, and may also be intermixed. The base color of the mane must still be dark for the horse to be considered a true dun.
Masking is dark shading on the muzzle that extends up toward the eyes. Most horses have masking on the bridge of the nose, but it can extend around the horse head on to his jaws.
Cob webbing are lines of dark color that start on the forehead and may extend down over the eyes.
Ear tips are a darker outline of color around the outside edge of the ear. Some horses may have shadows of color on the back of their ears, or even pronounced horizontal stripes.
Red dun is a chestnut horse that has dun factor in lamens terms. The body color can range from a pale creamy red to a deeper chestnut red. The mane and tail are deep red sometimes with blak hairs mixed in. The legs are also darker red than the body. Dun Factor should be seen to some degree.
Grullos range wildly in color as well. Some are very dark silver in the body others are very pale silver. The mane/tail and other points/dun factor should be dark silver to black with some lighter silvers hairs mixed in.
This is another horse with TWO cream genes but this time it is on a black base. The mane/tail, body and points are usually of the same hue a rich smoky cream. It is possible to see darker manes and tails on a smoky cream but it is not typical unless they have some other modifier gene in them. These horses can be generalized as being Silver. They have PINK skin and tend to have BLUE eyes.
SILVER DAPPPLE/SILVER BLACK:
The silver dapple is a horse that is black but also has the Silver modifier gene. This gene causes the black body AND points to all fade. Sometimes an SD is a deep brown that is almost black in the body with a flaxen to white mane and tail, sometimes the entire horse takes on a chocolaty brown hue, sometimes the body is a deep silver almost grey color and the mane and tail are flaxen or white.
This is a buckskin horse that also has the silver modifier gene. This gene usually gives the body a silvery sheen and the mane and tail become flaxen or silver.
This is a dun that has the silver modifier gene. It does the same thing to the coat on a dun that the silver gene does on the coat of a buckskin. They can look very similar to a grullo.
SILVER SMOKY BLACK:
This is a smoky black horse with the silver gene added. The silver in these horses tends to show as a lightening of the mane and tail and body and legs. Sometimes it can add a silvery or chocolaty sheen over the entire body.
A perlino with the silver gene added usually makes the entire body and mane/tail and legs a more uniform color and adds a metallic sheen so that they truly look silver.
SILVER SMOKY CREAM:
A silver smoky cream would be very very similar to a silver perlino and difficult to distinguish without DNA testing. The mane still tends to be a bit darker and more a pewter silver than in the silver perlino but the body would be very very pale silver. Of course shades can vary as in any horse color.
Also called a palomino dun or yellow dun is a horse that is very pale palomino with pale reddish or orangish points and primitive markings. it is possible for the points to take on a brownish hue as well. This is a horse that would otherwise be a red dun but also has a creme gene.
<-Probably a Silver Dunskin
Also called a buckskin dun it is a buckskin horse with the dun gene added or vice versa. These horses display characteristics of both the buckskin and then dun. Their coats tend to be a much clearer shade than on a buckskin.
SMOKY GRULLO/SMOKY BLACK DUN:
The smoky grullo can look very similar to a regular grulla or it can be much lighter and more silvery looking.
SMOKY CREAM DUN:
I am not going to go into detail on these individual colors at the moment. Just keep this in mind. The Dun gene dilutes the coat color slightly and makes it "clearer". It also adds "points" to the horse by slightly darkening the mane and tail, the legs, the ears, the muzzle and adding primitive markings, most notably a dorsal stripe.
CHESTNUT ROAN (Red Roan):
BLUE ROAN(Black Roan):
SMOKY BLACK/BLUE ROAN:
SILVER BAY ROAN:
SILVER BLACK ROAN:
RED DUN ROAN:
BAY DUN ROAN:
SMOKY GRULLO ROAN:
See the explanation of roan below and the color descriptions above to understand the ROAN colors.
A silver grullo is affected the same as most other horse colors are by the silver gene. The body is lightened considerably in some horses and just a bit in others and the mane and tail are lightened sometimes becoming completely silver or flaxen or even white.
Gold champagne is a color that results from the champagne gene working on a chestnut coat. In general physical appearance a gold champagne appears very similar to a palomino, but upon closer inspection there are subtle differences. A gold champagne horse has PINK skin where a palomino has black or pink. A gold also has freckles as do all champagne horses on the skin around the eyes, the lips and nose and under the tail; this often makes the skin appear a lavender hue rather than pink. Also champagne horses tend to have green or hazel eyes, sometimes amber instead of black or brown like in most other colors.
Amber champagne is the champagne gene working on a Bay coat. The body color is usually a rich, deep golden-amber and the mane and tail range from very dark brown to a lighter chocolaty brown. Frosting can be seen on the mane and tail as well. The legs or other color points that would have been black on a bay horse are lighter than the mane and tail, sometimes indistinguishable from the color of the body. They have the champagne skin freckles and hazel/green/amber eyes as well.
In RLTW the sable champagne though slightly different in hue, due to the Seal bay or seal brown base coat, will be treated the same as the amber champagne on the color calculator.
This is the action of the champagne gene on a black base coat. They are a chocolate hue with a darker mane and tail. The coat is described in various ways including; lilac, taupe and green. They were once referred to as "lilac duns" and are still often confused with Grullos. They have the champagne skin freckles and hazel/green/amber eyes as well.
GOLD CREAM CHAMPAGNE:
This is a horse in which the champagne gene and one copy of the creme gene act on a chestnut coat. They are also called IVORY CHAMPAGNE. The mane, tail and coat are usually of an ivory hue and easily confused with cremellos if you do not pay attention to the classic freckled skin and unique eyes.
AMBER CREAM CHAMPAGNE:
This is a horse with a bay base coat that is diluted by the champagne gene and one copy of the creme gene. The mane and tail of a typical amber cream are a warm yellowish-brown and are often frosted. The legs may also be a light chocolate brown, but need not be. The body coat is a shade of ivory, usually darker than a gold cream. Their points are substantially darker than those of a perlino, and they have champagne skin and eye traits.
SABLE CREAM CHAMPAGNE:
These horses can look very similar to amber or gold champagnes though they are usually several shades lighter. Sometimes described as having a "cooler hue" than ambers and golds.
CLASSIC CREAM CHAMPAGNE:
This horse coat color is only slightly affected by the cream gene and appear very similar to Classic champagnes and are only a few shades lighter.
GOLD CHAMPAGNE DUN:
AMBER CHAMPAGNE DUN:
CLASSIC CHAMPAGNE DUN:
GOLD CREAM CHAMPAGNE DUN:
AMBER CREAM CHAMPAGNE DUN:
CLASSIC CREAM CHAMPAGNE DUN:
See above explanations of the Dun modifier gene.
--Gold dun refers to an otherwise-chestnut coat affected by both the champagne gene and dun gene. The mane and tail may be ivory or self-colored; the body coat ranges from a warm cream to apricot color with primitive markings a shade darker. The coat is substantially paler and more "yellow" than that of a chestnut dun, and flatter than that of a gold champagne.
--Amber dun refers to an otherwise-bay coat affected by both the champagne gene and dun gene. The mane and tail and primitive markings are warm chocolate brown with a buff tan-colored body. The legs may, or may not, be dark as well.
--Sable dun refers to an otherwise-seal brown coat affected by both the champagne gene and dun gene. The points are chocolate-colored and the coat is darker than the amber dun.
--Classic dun or Classic grulla refers to an otherwise-black coat affected by both the champagne gene and dun gene. The coat possesses more cool slate-gray tones than a classic champagne, while the points are warmer than a grulla.
SILVER AMBER CHAMPAGNE:
In this coat color Amber dilutes the bay coat to chocolate and the silver dilutes it further and lightens the mane and tail considerably. They are usually a buttery or pale gold/tan color and the mane and tail can be the same color or a few shades darker sometimes with a silvered hue.
SILVER CLASSIC CHAMPAGNE:
These horses would have been black but are diluted by the champagne and silver gene. The darkest of these horses is very similar in appearance to a classic champagne while others are so pale they are a silvery pewter. Some are also chocolaty hued and others aren't.
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